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While Loop

A while loop is executed as long as a given condition is true.
Here we will learn the use of while loops.

While Loop in Linux Shell Scripting

Syntax:

 
 while [ condition ]
           do
                { code to execute }
                 ....
            done
            

Example: while.sh

 
#!/bin/sh
# Get the value from the user
echo " Enter a value for the variable x:"
read x

while [ $x -le 10 ]
do
echo "The value of x is $x"
x=`expr $x + 1`
done
            

Result:
./while.sh

 
Enter a value for the variable x:
6
The value of x is 6
The value of x is 7
The value of x is 8
The value of x is 9
The value of x is 10
            

In the above example, the value of x is 6.
Each time the loop is executed, the x value is incremented. The loop continues until the value of x is less than 10.
Once the condition is satisfied, the control come out of the loop.

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